Public defence and PhD degree

Book time for public defence

Final editing of the doctoral thesis

After the final seminar, the preparation of the final version of the thesis begins. The manuscript will be reviewed and approved by two professors/associate professors before the manuscript is sent to print. The Uppsala University Library has a division that will support and help out with the thesis production and publishing.

Thesis and publishing support from the Library

Posting ('Spikning')

Posting ('spikning') has to be done at least three weeks before the public defence. Posting is the process where a summary (abstract) of the doctoral thesis is published electronically in DiVA (Academic Archive Online) along with details about the public defence. The doctoral thesis should also be sent as hard-copy to all university departments in the country with research and PhD studies within the subject, to be available two weeks prior to the public defence. 

Posting your thesis ('spikning')

Register thesis in DiVA

Public defence

The doctoral student “defends” the doctoral thesis orally and in public where it is scrutinised by an external examiner and judged by an examining committee. The grade given is either pass or fail.

The public defence is opened by the chairperson, who presents the doctoral student, the examiner and the examining committee. It is usually the examiner who provides a general overview of the doctoral thesis. This is followed by a discussion between the examiner and the PhD student, where the PhD student defends the doctoral thesis against the questions from the examiner. The members of the examining committee have the opportunity to ask additional questions before the floor is opened to the audience.


Degree certificates are issued by the Graduation Office upon request from the PhD student.

Apply for a degree certificate

Conferment Ceremony

The Conferment Ceremony is an academic celebration for those who have received PhDs during the year. 

The Doctoral Conferment Ceremony

Last modified: 2022-09-07